Chloe Westman - 4chan Bibliography

Anderson, K. (30 July 2009). Storm in an AT&T cup. The Guardian.

Bilton, N. (19 March 2010). One on one: Christopher Poole, founder of 4chan. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Cha, A. E. (10 August 2010). An online army and its hive mind. The Washington Post.

Grigoriadis, V. (April 2011). 4chan's chaos theory. Vanity Fair. Retrieved from

Grossman, L. (9 July 2008). The master of memes. Time. Retrieved from,9171,1821656,00.html.

Phillips, W. (2011). Meet the trolls. Index on Censorship, 40:68. doi:10.1177/0306422011409641.

Wolfram Alpha. (2011). Retrieved from

While I referenced these articles to gain some hard facts regarding 4chan, especially Christopher Poole and the origin of 4chan, ultimately the bulk of my research came from personal observations. In the last month I have spent a large amount of time on 4chan, specifically the Random board ( and observed how the users interact with each other to understand how the site works. Much of my conclusions are assumptive based on the behavior of 4chan users and what I observed, and I tried to emphasize that fact within my article. Steadfast connections regarding 4chan are impossible to come by because of the Anonymity of the site and the fact that nothing is tracked.